Gingelly oil, also known as sesame oil, is a popular cooking oil commonly used in Asian cuisine. It is known for its nutty and slightly sweet flavour and high smoke point, making it suitable for high-heat cooking methods. But how is gingelly oil made?
Gingelly oil is made from sesame seeds, which are rich in vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants. Here is a step-by-step process on how gingelly oil is made:
Step 1: Harvesting Sesame Seeds
The first step in making gingelly oil is to harvest sesame seeds. Sesame plants are typically grown in warm and dry climates, such as Africa, India, and Asia. The seeds are typically harvested when the plant’s capsules have turned yellow and have begun to split open. The seeds are then collected by hand or using a combine harvester.
Step 2: Cleaning and Drying the Seeds
Once the sesame seeds have been harvested, they are cleaned and dried to remove debris or moisture. First, the seeds are cleaned by passing them through a series of sieves and screens to remove any dirt or other impurities. Then, the seeds are spread out on a clean surface and allowed to dry in the sun for several days. This removes any remaining moisture in the seeds, which can affect the oil quality.
Step 3: Roasting the Seeds
After the seeds have been cleaned and dried, they are roasted. Roasting the seeds helps to bring out the nutty flavour of the oil and also improves the oil’s yield. The seeds are placed in a roaster and heated to a high temperature. The roasting process can be done using various methods, including dry or wet roasting.
Step 4: Pressing the Seeds
Once the seeds have been roasted, they are ready to be pressed to extract the oil. This can be done using either a traditional manual press or a modern mechanical press. The seeds are placed in the press and crushed to release the oil. The oil is then collected and filtered to take out any impurities.
Step 5: Refining the Oil
The oil that is extracted from the seeds is not yet ready for consumption. It must be refined to remove any impurities, such as sediment and other particles, and improve its flavour. The oil is first passed through a filter to remove any impurities. Then, it is heated to a high temperature, which causes any remaining impurities to separate from the oil. Finally, the oil is cooled and passed through another filter to remove any remaining impurities.
Step 6: Packaging and Distribution
Once the oil has been refined, it is ready to be packaged and distributed. The oil is poured into bottles or cans and sealed to protect it from light and air. The bottles are labelled with information such as the expiration date, ingredients, and nutritional information. The oil is then distributed to supermarkets and grocery stores for consumers to purchase.
Uses Of Gingelly Oil
Gingelly oil has various benefits. A few of them are as follows:
- Cooking: Gingelly oil is commonly used in cooking in South India and Sri Lanka, particularly for dishes such as dosa, idli, and sambar. It is known for its high smoke point and distinct nutty flavour.
- Hair and Skin Care: The oil is also used in traditional Ayurvedic medicine for hair and skin care. It is believed to strengthen hair, promote hair growth, and prevent dandruff. It is also used as a natural moisturiser for the skin.
- Massage: The oil is a massage oil for the body and head. It improves blood circulation and soothes sore muscles.
- Aromatherapy: It is also used in aromatherapy for its calming and relaxing properties. It is believed to help relieve stress and anxiety.
- Soap Making: Another use of this oil is in the production of soap. It is a natural and effective cleanser that leaves the skin feeling soft and smooth.
Gingelly oil is made from sesame seeds that are harvested, cleaned, dried, roasted, pressed, refined, packaged and distributed. The process may vary depending on the region and the method used, but the overall process remains the same. The oil produced is used in various culinary preparations and is known for its nutty flavour, high smoke point and nutritional value. It is a staple in multiple Asian cuisines and has various health benefits. So, next time you use gingelly oil or sesame oil in your cooking, you’ll have a better understanding of how it was made.